Getting Your Ontario G1 Driver's License

Deciding to get your Ontario driving licence is one of the best decisions you will ever make, and getting the G1 driver's license is the very first step. With thousands of kilometers of urban, farm, forest and lakefront driving, learning to drive dramatically increases your opportunities to travel and see the beauty of Ontario. In addition to driving for the sheer joy of it, you also teach yourself a lifelong skill that will help improve your employment opportunities, allow you greater freedom and give you a level of mobility you never had before. If you follow along, getting your G1 will be easier than you thought possible.

Getting Your Ontario G1 Licence

Pass your G1 written test and vision test to get your G1 licence

Everything You Need to Know About the Ontario G1 Driver's License

In order to make the G1 driver's license process as easy as possible, we have divided up everything you need to know about the G1 license in easy to follow sections. You can review all the information at your own pace, learn all the G1 driving rules and road signs, and practice G1 knowledge tests. If you do your part, getting your g1 will be fairly straightforward, and you'll almost certainly pass the Ontario G1 knowledge test with ease. Click the tabs below for more.

16 Years Old

You can take the Ontario G1 knowledge test, and get your G1 driver's license on or after your 16th birthday.

Study The Ontario Handbook

The Ontario Driver's Handbook (or Ontario G1 handbook as some like to call it), is your go to source for everything you need to know about road rules and road signs for the Ontario G1 written knowledge test. Make sure you properly study the G1 handbook and know all the specific g1 driving rules and road signs. This is an absolute requirement for getting your g1 license.

G1 Practice Tests

Once you've spent some time reading and studying the Ontario G1 handbook, the best thing you can do is to practice our free Ontario G1 practice test sets, to become completely comfortable attempting the Ontario G1 knowledge test. These practice tests are designed to mimic what you will find on the actual test, so they are an excellent option to learn the g1 license rules as well as getting used to the test taking environment.

40 MCQ Written Test

  • You have the option to take the g1 exam on paper or electronically at many Ministry of Transportation (MTO) locations.
  • The g1 exam is not timed and you can use as much time as you need to finish (until the office closes)
  • At a minimum, the Ontario g1 knowledge test is available in English and French. Depending on which g1 driving test centre you are writing at, the G1 test is available in about 17 different languages.
  • The G1 written test format is 40 multiple choice questions (MCQ's). 20 of the questions will be dedicated to the road signs part of the Ontario driver's handbook while 20 questions will be dedicated to road rules.
  • The G1 test is marked on the spot. To pass the G1 test you need to get 16/20 correct on each one of the individual sections. To ensure you don't get more than 4 questions wrong per section you really need to thoroughly study the Ontario G1 handbook, and spend some time with our Ontario practice G1 knowledge test tutorials. These cover a full range of Ontario g1 questions and answers.

Vision Test

You will also be required to complete a vision test at all g1 driving test locations. This vision test will assess if you will need glasses to drive and if you do, it will show that on your g1 driver's license card.

Test in Different Language

It is possible to write the G1 written test in a variety of different languages, so check with various g1 driving test locations to see which languages you can choose from. Many community organizations also have translations of the Ontario Driver's Handbook available.

The day of your g1 driver's license test can feel a bit overwhelming, so we've put together a quick list of the Ontario G1 rules, including everything you need to do and take with you. It might be a good idea to print this list so you're not looking for anything at the last minute, and can focus on attempting the G1 test with a clear mind.

Arrive Early

At most G1 driving test locations, you don't need to book an appointment to write the G1 exam, however it's recommended that you give yourself at least an hour before closing time so you are not rushed and get a chance to write the test as well as have your vision tested.


In busier seasons like March break or summer break the line-ups can be longer so try to be there earlier in the day.

Documents to Bring

In order to take the g1 driver's license test, you need to bring documents that show:

  • Your legal name
  • Your date of birth
  • Your signature

Vision Aids

One of the g1 license rules is that if you need glasses or contacts to drive, make sure you bring them with you.

Applicable Fees

Every stage of the Ontario graduated drivers license has a specific fee requirement. Make sure you are prepared to pay the G1 license cost before your actual test. You can find that information at the following link.

Test Re-takes

If you end up not passing the G1 driver's license test, you can pay the G1 license cost again and re-take the G1 license test as many times as it takes to pass.

Licence Expiry

A G1 driver's license is valid for 5 years and you must complete the system of graduated licensing Ontario makes available to get your G licence during that time, otherwise you have to start over.

Minimum Licence Holding Period

Another of the Ontario G1 rules is that you must remain at the G1 license level for:

  • 8 months - With a ministry approved driver training course
  • 12 months - Without a ministry approved driver training course

After meeting the above conditions, you can apply for your G2 licence by taking the G1 road test.

Supervised Driving

A G1 driver must always drive with a fully licensed driver who has 4+ years of driving experience and has a blood alcohol level of <0.05. If the accompanying driver is under the age of 21, then his/her blood alcohol level must be zero.

No Alcohol

One of the most important G1 driving rules is that a G1 driver must maintain a blood alcohol level of zero at all times

Passenger seatbelts

As a G1 driver, it is your responsibility to make sure every passenger is wearing a proper, working seat belt. In addition, the number of passengers must not exceed the number of working seat belts.

Restricted Driving at Night

A G1 driver is not allowed to drive between the hours of midnight and 5am.

No Highway driving

A G1 driver is not allowed to drive on any 400-series highways (401, 403, 404 etc.) or high-speed expressways (QEW etc.).


For additional information  and frequently asked questions about G1 restrictions, please see our G1 licence restrictions and requirements page.

Looking for Information on Other Ontario Car Licence Types?

Ontario GDL Process

The Ontario GDL process helps guide new and experienced drivers through the entire Ontario car licensing process.

Ontario G2 Licence

Getting your G2 means you can drive on your own, with greater confidence and one step closer to having a full licence.

Ontario G Licence

Getting a G licence is the final step in the process of getting a full, unrestricted Ontario driving licence.

Looking for a Different Ontario Driving License Type?

Choose the type of vehicle you need to get an Ontario licence for

For those looking to get the particular type of Ontario drivers license required for different kinds of vehicles, we offer the following guides (click the links for more information). The MTO or Ontario Ministry of Transportation is responsible for issuing the Ontario G license or car driving license, the Ontario M class motorcycle drivers license, as well as commercial vehicle driver licensing (CDL) like the Ontario truck driving license, Ontario bus driver license or Ontario air brake license and driving tests. An Ontario boating license is also available for specific types of watercraft. Regardless of which kind of Ontario driving licence you need to apply for, we have you covered.